The Oregon Coast is made up of a nearly 400 mi stretch of shoreline, lush forests, and rugged cliffs bordering the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Oregon Coast Range to the east, whose oldest portions are over 60 million years old. The Oregon Coast was the famous destination of the Lewis and Clark expedition to the Pacific at the start of the 19th century, which had long-lasting effects on the Pacific Northwest and was the starting point for pioneer settlement and development of the area in coming decades. Fur traders set up the first U.S. settlement west of the Rockies in 1811 – that fort at the mouth of the Columbia River became the port city of Astoria.
The North Coast is a very wet and temperate heavily forested region connected by rivers running to the sea and possesses long stretches of unbroken beach and a higher concentration of logging zones. Dairy farms dominate the fertile valleys of the Oregon Coast, and logging and lumbering are a significant economic force in the region. The coast’s top three industries are logging, commercial fishing, and tourism, and the economy is still rather dependent on natural resources.
Over 80 state parks and recreation areas dot the coast, along with numerous tourist facilities. The marine ecology of the Oregon Coast is some of the most diverse in the world, and both whales watching and exploring coastal tidepools are popular tourist activities. Many large species of animals can be found in the heavily forested regions, mostly elk and deer as well as some bobcats and cougars.
The South Coast has more sandy beaches and dunes than the rockier northern coastline. The coast is host to a multitude of year-round recreational activities, including horseback riding, surfing, camping, and sport fishing.
Explore properties: Coastal Region